All You Need to Know About BSc in Perfusion TechnologyFebruary 1, 2020
What is Perfusion Technology?
Perfusion technology is the science of artificially pumping blood during critical, life-saving surgeries. It involves the study of the pathology of the lungs and respiratory organs. A BSc. in perfusion technology prepares students to work as cardiac perfusionists, also known as clinical perfusionists. These are allied healthcare professionals who work with surgical teams, in tandem with surgeons, anesthesiologists, and other experts. Students who are passionate about working in healthcare are best-suited for the perfusionist course.
The role of a clinical perfusionist in surgeries like coronary bypass surgery, organ transplants, repair of aortic and brain aneurysms, repair of congenital heart defects, among many others is of extreme importance. The clinical perfusionist is responsible for operating and monitoring the heart-lung machine in these critical surgeries. The machine artificially pumps blood through an oxygenator and maintains the flow of blood in the body, while the patient’s organs are being operated on. While perfusionists mainly work on critical cardiac surgeries, they also work on organ transplants, certain types of chemotherapy procedures and vascular surgeries.
Eligibility Criteria and Admission Process
Students interested in pursuing a perfusion technology course are required to have pursued the science stream in their eleventh and twelfth grades. A minimum of 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology taken together in 10+2, A level, IB, American 12th grade or equivalent, is the eligibility criterion for admission to BSc Perfusion Technology at the Manipal Academy of Higher Education.
Also, an applicant should be of at least 17 years of age. Applicants are not required to take any entrance test for the perfusionist course. For admission to the BSc course, students must apply online. The selection process is merit-based taking into consideration the Class 12 marks of the student in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Candidates who are shortlisted will receive a notice of provisional admission, after which the admission procedure will be carried out.
Course Details and Syllabus
The duration of a BSc. in perfusion technology course is three years, however, the course at Manipal Academy of Higher Education mandates another year of internship, and hence has a total duration of four years.
The internship exposes students to practical aspects of the job through a compulsory rotatory clinical posting. This experience offers students an opportunity to reinforce and apply concepts learned in the classroom. The students are posted in operation theatres and ICUs, and this gives them hands-on experience while providing them with the skill set required for a successful career in this field. The course follows a semester pattern with internal assessments and end semester examinations.
The perfusion technology course syllabus includes foundational subjects like anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, pharmacology and microbiology. These are coupled with applied subjects like Equipment in Cardiac Surgery and their Application, Cardiac Surgical Operating Room, Cardiac Surgical Procedures, Perfusion Technology (Clinical and Applied), Medicine in Perfusion Technology, along with Medical Ethics and Legal Aspects. Weightages for internal assessment and end semester exams are 50% each.
Career Prospects After BSc. in Perfusion Technology
After graduating in perfusion technology, one can pursue a career as a clinical perfusionist in cardiac surgeries, Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and Intensive Cardiac Care Units (ICCUs). Students will work with cardiac surgery teams of experts such as cardiothoracic surgeons, cardiac nurses, anesthesiologists, operating room technicians and so on, in super-specialty and specialty hospitals.
Both government and private hospitals are possible avenues for cardiac perfusionists. Students can also go on to pursue an MSc. in perfusion technology to further deepen their knowledge and earn a specialization in the field.
Manipal Academy of Higher education (MAHE) is a global institute of repute. Besides courses in various other fields, here are some of the popular ones that students opt for. Click on the course of your interest to find out more about it.