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MBBS or BDS – Which One Should You Go For?

The healthcare industry in India is currently witnessing an exponential growth spurt. More and more people are preferring to become a part of the health protection workforce, thereby, increasing the number of doctors, nurses, physicians, pharmacists, and other such professionals across similar domains.
However, despite a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 16%-17%, the total number of doctors in India is still far below the WHO recommended mark. The country is presently facing a shortage of about 60,000 doctors and 2 million nurses on a yearly basis, whereas the number of patients is surging every day.
In such a grievous scenario, securing admission in prominent courses like MBBS and BDS gains all the more significance.

MBBS Course

Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery, commonly abbreviated as MBBS, is a graduate course that awards the highly sought-after designation of ‘Doctor’ to its holders. The MBBS course functions under the aegis of the Medical Council of India (MCI). Based on MCI’s guidelines, this course teaches subjects like anatomy, microbiology, pharmacology, and biochemistry for a total duration of four and a half (4.5) years.
This initial MBBS course duration is further followed by a compulsory internship of about one and a half (1.5) years.

The eligibility criteria for taking admission in MBBS course include:

1. You must have completed your 10+2 with at least 50% marks in English, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Some institutes like AIIMS, require an aggregate of 60% marks for general category candidates.

2. You must have qualified the National eligibility cum entrance test (NEET) conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) every year.

3. Certain universities also admit candidates based on predefined age criteria. AIIMS, for example, takes MBBSstudents only between 17-25 years of age.

BDS Course

Bachelor of Dental Surgery, also called BDS, is also a graduate course that focuses on producing dental doctors. The BDS course operates under the aegis of the Dental Council of India (DCI). Based on the council’s guidelines, this course teaches subjects like dental anatomy, dental histology, oral pathology, and periodontics for a total duration of 4 years. This initial BDS course duration is further followed by a paid, rotational internship of about one year.

For getting a BDS degree, the general BDS course eligibility criteria include:

1. You must have completed your 10+2 with at least 50% marks in English, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

2. You must have qualified the National eligibility cum entrance test (NEET) conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) every year.

3. You must fall between the minimum age bracket of 17 and the maximum age bracket of 25 years.

Nonetheless, when it comes to choosing between MBBS and BDS, the aforementioned BDS and MBBS course details might not be enough. Instead, you will have to make this significant choice based on the following pieces of comparative information –

MBBS Vs BDS

1. Course Duration

The MBBS is a 5.5-year (4.5 years of academic education + 1-year mandatory internship) UG degree program while the BDS is a 5 year (4 years of academic education + 1-year mandatory internship) UG degree program.

2. Seat Availability

One must have a high score in the entrance exam in order to get a merit seat for the MBBS course as there is a huge competition for MBBS seats whereas it is much easier to get a seat under merit for the BDS course as the competition is comparatively less.

3. Specialization

A simple MBBS only produces general physicians with no specializations, while a BDS degree is a specialized degree.

4. Career Prospects

As soon as you complete your BDS course successfully, you can start working as a dentist, whereas to be employable after pursuing the MBBS course you will have to do MD/MS after MBBSBDS is a specialized course and therefore it isn’t necessary to further super-specialize with a master’s degree. Whereas in MBBS you have to study further to specialize in something as simple 5 years of MBBS will only allow you to be a physician.

5. Job Role

Job for MBBS graduates is demanding, especially in times of emergencies while for BDS graduates it is comparatively relaxed and stress-free.

Driven by greater health awareness and rising incomes, the healthcare market in India is expected to touch the magic figure of $372 billion by 2022. With such massive opportunities unfolding every day, the likelihood of people vying to secure an MBBS or BDS admission is only going to increase.

About Manipal

Manipal Academy of Higher education (MAHE) is a global institute of repute. Besides courses in various other fields, here are some of the popular ones that students opt for. Click on the course of your interest to find out more about it.

B Tech EngineeringBSC NursingB PharmMBBSBDSBSc AnimationBA Media & CommunicationBHM, and BA Culinary

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Kishlay KishoreManipal Academy of Higher Education